By Robert Galois
The magazine of James Colnett is the final unpublished account of the early maritime fur alternate at the Northwest Coast. among 1786 and 1789, Colnett’s day trip traversed the coast from Prince William Sound to the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Its individuals have been the 1st Europeans to come across the Tsimshian and the southern Heiltsuk, and the 1st to land at the southern Queen Charlotte Islands. The magazine is reproduced with complete scholarly equipment, in addition to with extracts from a moment magazine by way of Andrew Bracey Taylor, third mate on one of many ships in Colnett’s command. targeting the expedition’s notable encounters with the local peoples of the Northwest Coast, Galois’ introductory essay additionally addresses the geopolitical context of the voyage and the highbrow historical past that formed the writing of the journals. This attention-grabbing account offers us a brand new knowing of early eu presence within the Northwest and of local responses to those advancements. it is going to curiosity historians, geographers, and ethnographers of the Northwest Coast and past.
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Additional resources for A voyage to the North West Side of America: the Journals of James Colnett, 1786-89
Colnett’s primary objective during this period was to prepare the ship for departure from the coast. On August 18, with the requisite tasks completed, Colnett took his leave from the Northwest Coast. The Princess Royal, 1788 Season: The Northwest Coast No journal recording the activities of the Princess Royal in 1788 has survived, but the outlines of her itinerary are known (see maps N [a] and N [b], p. 262 and p. 140 After arriving at Nootka on 19 April and carrying out the usual repairs, Duncan headed for the Queen Charlotte Islands on 10 May.
In some parts of the outer coast, halibut and whales rivalled salmon in importance; elsewhere, oolichan and sturgeon were significant, while shellfish and berries were widely distributed. Harvesting of these resources required considerable mobility. Patterns varied from one region to another but people moved through their territory from a permanent base, usually a winter village, to a sequence of resource sites. These annual rounds reflected seasonal availability and, in most cases, villages were occupied for only part of the year.
Indeed, many of the early voyages to the Northwest Coast embraced some combination of commercial, scientific, and geopolitical objectives. 205 Within the commercial-scientific ideology articulated by Cook, Colnett, and others, the Northwest Coast was not the centre of anything. 207 Colnett makes no reference to such ceremonies but supercargo John Etches does. 209 Dalrymple’s recommendation that “native names should always be used when they were available” was less surprising than it may appear.