Bodies and Media: On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in by Ido Yavetz

April 3, 2017 | Physics | By admin | 0 Comments

By Ido Yavetz

This publication provides a recasting of Aristotle’s thought of spatial displacement of inanimate items. Aristotle’s declare that projectiles are actively carried by means of the media by which they movement (such as air or water) is celebrated and has drawn the eye of commentators from old to fashionable occasions. what's missing, in spite of the fact that, is a scientific research of the results of his advice that the medium always acts because the direct tool of locomotion, be it common or pressured, whereas unique movers (e.g. stone throwers, catapults, bowstrings) act in a roundabout way by means of impressing relocating strength into the medium. Filling this hole and guided by way of discussions in Aristotle’s Physics and at the Heavens, the current quantity indicates that Aristotle’s energetic medium permits his idea - during which strength is proportional to hurry - to account for a wide classification of phenomena that Newtonian dynamics - during which strength is proportional to acceleration - bills for during the thought of inertia. by way of utilising Aristotle’s medium dynamics to projectile flight and to collisions that contain reversal of movement, the e-book offers specified examples of the efficacy and coherence that the lively medium offers to Aristotle’s discussions. The ebook is directed essentially to historians of old, medieval, and early glossy technological know-how, to philosophers of technology and to scholars of Aristotle’s average philosophy.

Show description

Read Online or Download Bodies and Media: On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens PDF

Similar physics books

Plasma Astrophysics, - reconnection and flares

This well-illustrated monograph is dedicated to vintage basics, present perform, and views of recent plasma astrophysics. the 1st a part of the e-book is exclusive in overlaying all of the uncomplicated rules and functional instruments required for realizing and paintings in plasma astrophysics. the second one half represents the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic starting place in area plasmas within the sunlight method, unmarried and double stars, relativistic gadgets, accretion disks, their coronae.

Bodies and Media: On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens

This ebook provides a recasting of Aristotle’s conception of spatial displacement of inanimate gadgets. Aristotle’s declare that projectiles are actively carried by means of the media wherein they circulate (such as air or water) is celebrated and has drawn the eye of commentators from historical to fashionable occasions.

Additional resources for Bodies and Media: On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens

Sample text

1): VB J E VA F Fig. 1 I B H K b G Extend the lines through EF and IH until they meet at G. Draw JG, cutting FH at K. Then clearly, where EI = VB, EJ = VA, FH = B, and FK = b: VB EG VA ¼ ¼ ) b : B :: VA : VB FG B b This demonstrates Aristotle’s contention that a part b of B can always be marked such that its ratio to B is as the ratio of the weightless body’s assumed finite speed VA is to B’s speed, VB. The motivation to construct this proportion in the first place is the postulate that in natural fall, the weights relate directly as the speeds, and then follows the inevitable conclusion that no finite speed, however small, can be assigned to the weightless body, which cannot, therefore, fall at all.

4. Weightlessness is the inability to partake in either the heavy or the light. Such is the nature of the celestial ether, which cannot, accordingly, change its distance from the center of the universe, and can only move on spherical surfaces around 28 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 2 Heaviness, Lightness, Sinking and Floating it. The theory of celestial motion therefore follows different principles than the theory of terrestrial motion. The rest of this outline is restricted to the theory of terrestrial motion.

2). Draw from H a line parallel to EF, and mark by G its intersection with the extension of EO. Let the length of OG be b, and clearly, by the constructed similarity of triangles OEF and OGH: VA:VB::B:b. F VA E VB O B Fig. 2 H b G 2 Heaviness, Lightness, Sinking and Floating 23 Once again, a simple construction vindicates Aristotle’s claim that given speed VA forced upon a weightless body A, and speed VB generated in a heavy body B by the same force, a body of heaviness b may always be found such that the two finite weights are inversely as the two given speeds.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.79 of 5 – based on 10 votes