By Ian Harris
Traditionally, Buddhism has prospered in societies equipped in response to the socio-political teachings of the Buddha. the 20 th century has been a very aggravating time in Buddhism's historical past, no longer least simply because conventional polities were eroded. Disparate components, corresponding to struggle, modernity, westernization, nationalization, capitalism, communism and ethnic clash, have made their presence felt within the religion's Asian heartlands. during this research a staff of overseas students check the style within which Buddhist companies and contributors have resisted, come to phrases with, or sometimes allied themselves with those forces. It has develop into commonly used for Westerners to view Buddhism as an otherworldly and introspective faith. by way of reading concerns similar to left-right divisions within the monastic order, the increase of prepared lay pursuits, Buddhist social activism, in addition to explicitly Buddhist encouraged political job, this booklet demonstrates that the emphasis on meditation and psychological education is just one strand during this richly complicated, world-historical faith.
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Extra resources for Buddhism and Politics in 20th Century Asia
30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. the monk Xue Huai-yi being appointed as an army general in the Tang period (Ch'en 1973, 220). For further being on soheisee Renondeau (1957). See Soyen (1974, 201-2). Shaku Soen refused Tolstoy's invitation to sign a peace appeal, declaring that, since he was a loyal subject of the Emperor, this was unthinkable. T. Suzuki. Chapter 23 of the Lotus Sutra tells the story of the self-immolation (dtmaparitydga) of Bhaisyaguru bodhisattva as an offering to the 'dhanna of the Tathdgatas.
2 Second, the chapter reviews the brief fourteen-year period of democratic government, which ended abruptly on 2 March 1962. This was an especially turbulent time for the Buddhist faith as it was suddenly swept into the ideological ferment that precipitated General Ne Win's military coup and the long night of authoritarian rule. Third, I examine the impact of this crisis on Buddhism as it seeks an appropriate voice in a time when no criticism, however constructive, is permitted. 3 The events of the last four decades, however, reveal several times when Buddhism has shown an independence of spirit and participated in the political aspirations of the masses.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35. the monk Xue Huai-yi being appointed as an army general in the Tang period (Ch'en 1973, 220). For further being on soheisee Renondeau (1957). See Soyen (1974, 201-2). Shaku Soen refused Tolstoy's invitation to sign a peace appeal, declaring that, since he was a loyal subject of the Emperor, this was unthinkable. T. Suzuki. Chapter 23 of the Lotus Sutra tells the story of the self-immolation (dtmaparitydga) of Bhaisyaguru bodhisattva as an offering to the 'dhanna of the Tathdgatas.